Plus Edition Article

(+) What I See in My Crystal Ball: The Future of Genealogy Research

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

As we look back at 2014 and also look forward to 2015 and beyond, I see many changes for genealogists. The most obvious changes are caused by technology. Specifically, the World Wide Web is allowing all of us to access records that previously were difficult or expensive to find. Many of us balk at the expenses of traveling to libraries and archives. A single trip to a library only a few miles away may require significant payments for gas, tolls, parking fees, and more. A trip to a library further away, such as in Salt Lake City, is out of reach for many genealogists even if they have the time available.

For many people, time is the biggest obstacle of all. For people who are raising children and are employed full-time, finding enough hours to visit a genealogy library or archive during normal business hours is impossible. Luckily, the World Wide Web is coming to the rescue.

(+) Easily Read PDF and Other Documents on Your Kindle, iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch, Android Device, Blackberry, or Windows Phone

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

Since the early days of the e-reader, Amazon’s Kindle devices have been liberating readers from library fines, dog-eared pages, misplaced tomes, and heavy bags of physical books. However, what can a person who does not own a Kindle do to read these books and other documents?

Many people who own tablet computers or “smartphones” like to use them as ebook readers. However, many are not aware that they can read Kindle format ebooks on non-Kindle devices. Also, once you install some software, your device becomes the equivalent of a real Kindle. The new software adds a lot of functionality, including the ability to purchase and download Kindle books and also the ability to read PDF documents and other formats on the mobile device as well. Even better, those documents can be shared amongst the owner’s other computers, including Windows and Macintosh desktop and laptop computers and even amongst other tablets the same person might own.

(+) How to Care for Aging, Fragile Paper, CDs, Magnetic Tapes, and Their Data Content

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

CD-ROM disks, along with their higher-capacity cousins DVD and Blu-ray disks, are fragile methods of storing information. In short, these plastic disks are not suitable for long-term storage. Many corporations and non-profits are racing to get their data off the discs as quickly and safely as possible and into a more reliable digital storage environment. If you have genealogy information or any other information stored on these disks, you need to do the same.

For many years, the thought amongst genealogists has been to print the information on paper for long-term preservation. Yet, many of us have handled old pieces of paper that are decaying, crumbling, or fading to the point that the information is not readable. In fact, most paper manufactured in the past 75 years or so contains acids that will hasten the deterioration of the information you wish to preserve. Add in the many problems of paper destruction caused by mold, mildew, moisture, insect damage, floods, and other factors, and you soon come to the realization that storage on paper is almost as risky as storing on magnetic media.

(+) Does It Still Make Sense to Buy CDs?

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

Several articles have appeared online in the past few years describing the slowly dying music CD business. In short, sales of CD disks are being replaced by directly downloading music online to iPods, computers, and other music playback devices. Remember the record and CD stores that used to be available at your local mall? Where have they all gone?

You can find dozens of articles about the declining sales of music CDs if you start at Those articles got me thinking: if sales of music CDs are plummeting, can data CDs be far behind?

(+) A Hands On Report: A 10.1-inch Windows 8.1 Tablet/Laptop for $179

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

This week I picked up a low-cost computer that is generally referred to as a “hybrid.” That is, it functions both as a laptop computer and, with the keyboard removed, as a tablet computer. It runs the full version of Windows 8.1, not the dummied down version called Windows RT.

Best of all is the price: $179. No, that is not a sale price or a limited-time-only introductory price. That’s the normal selling price for this Windows hybrid: $179 shipped (plus tax).

The laptop computer with keyboard attached weighs a bit less than 3 pounds. However, if you disconnect the keyboard and leave it at home, the computer itself weighs about 1.5 pounds. Either way, this tiny computer is easy to slip into a purse or a small carrying case and take it with you on your travels.

(+) How to Find Anything on Your Hard Drive within Seconds

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

The old method of carrying files with you.

Modern hard drives are wonderful inventions. Capable of storing gigabytes, even terabytes, of information, today’s hard drives allow you store the equivalent of multiple four-drawer filing cabinets in only a few cubic inches, all for a cost undreamed of only a few years ago. In fact, today’s hard drives are much cheaper than filing cabinets. Even better, you can carry the equivalent of a large filing cabinet with you all the time by keeping the information in a flash drive, in a laptop computer, or in the cloud where it is easily accessed from your cell phone or tablet computer.

There is but one problem: how do you find information buried in the tens of thousands of documents you filed on these gargantuan hard drives over the years?

Luckily, there are several solutions that will allow you to find anything in your computer within seconds.

(+) Add a Flash Drive to your iPhone or iPad

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

This article is for anyone who uses an Apple iOS (iPhone, iPad, or iPod Touch) device. You can now easily add a flash drive with up to 64 gigabytes of storage space to your iOS device. Even better, you can also plug the same flash drive into any Macintosh or Windows computer and copy files back and forth.

No cables, cloud, or Internet connection is required. As a result, your private files remain just that: private. In addition, the flashdrive’s software includes the ability to encrypt files for super-secure file transfers to and from the iPad or iPhone. You can lock the files with a password of your own choosing. The files can later be unlocked when used on the Windows or Macintosh computer as well as on the iPhone or iPad.

(+) Kekule Numbering System

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

Genealogists often use terms that are not familiar to others. Most of these terms become familiar soon after we get involved in searching for our family trees. We soon speak of pedigree charts, enumerators, Henry numbers, fan charts, and more. However, one term we do not hear often pops up occasionally: Kekule Numbers.

The German mathematician Stephan Kekule of Stradonitz (1863-1933) was a genealogist as well as the son of famed mathematician and chemist Friedrich August Kekulé. He used a numbering system to show relationships in text format. In German-speaking counties, lists of names created with Stephan Kekule’s numbers are still referred to by his name: Kekule numbers. However, in English-speaking countries the same numbers in lists would be called “numbers.”

Indeed, ahnentafel numbers and the Kekule numbers for listing ancestors are the same. However, Stephan Kekule also created a similar system for listing descendants, a system I have rarely seen in English publications.

(+) Obtain an ISBN Number for Your Genealogy Book

The following is a Plus Edition article written by and copyright by Dick Eastman. 

“ISBN” stands for “International Standard Book Number.” An ISBN number is an ISO standard and normally is found in all books published in the United States since 1970 and on many books published in other countries as well. Technically, an ISBN number is not a requirement for any book; you may publish books without such a number. However, experience has shown that an ISBN number is required if you want the book to be listed in the many indexing and cataloging systems available. Also, an ISBN number is required for all books that are to be sold by Amazon, Barnes and Noble, Border Books, and most any other major bookseller. These booksellers use the ISBN numbers to order, inventory, and track books.

Only the smallest self-published and self-marketed books can survive without ISBN numbers.


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