There’s no doubt that the documents most frequently used by American genealogists are the United States federal population census records. The federal census population schedules are the milestones by which we track our ancestors’ locations between 1790 and 1930. And for the early census years when some states’ and counties’ records are missing or lost, and the 1890 census for which less than 1% of the schedules survived, there are any number of other document types that can be used as partial substitutes.
There are, however, more census records than just the federal population schedules, and these documents can tell you a great deal in addition to the data on the population documents. You need to know just what does exist and where to locate those resources.
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