Recovered in 1896 from a storeroom of the Ben Ezra synagogue in Old Cairo, the documents were collected from the ninth century to the 19th, awaiting burial as required by Jewish law for anything bearing God’s name. Most of the manuscripts were tattered and torn. A sophisticated artificial intelligence program running on a powerful computer network is now conducting 4.5 trillion calculations per second to analyze 500 visual cues for each of 157,514 fragments, to check a total of 12,405,251,341 possible pairings.
You can read more in an article by Jodi Rudoren in the New York Times at http://goo.gl/iGR8X.
My thanks to newsletter reader Anne Louvau for telling me about this great effort.