Carignan Soldiers or Soldat Carignan

In 1665 King Louis XIV ordered the Carignan-Salieres Regiment to Canada to help save the Royal Colony from destruction at the hands of the Iroquois Indians. Between June and September 1665, some twenty-four companies of 1200 soldiers and their officers of the Carignan-Salières Regiment arrived in Quebec under the leadership of Lt. General Alexander de Prouville, Sieur de Tracy.

The Carignan-Salieres Regiment was the first regular military unit to serve in Canada. Almost immediately upon arrival, they launched an attack upon the Indians in the dead of winter, and the regiment was almost destroyed. Nevertheless, within months the Regiment stabilized the situation, ensuring the survival of the French colony.

The Regiment established a series of forts along the Richelieu River and conducted another successful campaign into the land of the Mohawk Indians, leading to a long period of peace. The colony prospered as a result. However, King Louis XIV’s plan also included the permanent settlement of many of the soldiers and officers in Canada. Following their service, many of the soldiers stayed on in Canada.

In fact, over 400 soldiers and officers decided to remain in New France when the regiment was recalled to France. Many of the soldiers married the newly arrived filles du roi (Daughters of the King). Most French Canadians have several ancestors who served in the Carignan-Salières Regiment.

The Carignan-Salières Regiment was one of the first to wear a uniform in the French army. The uniform was brown with a gray lining that was visible in the upturned sleeves, forming a decorative facing. Buff-colored and black ribbons decorated the hat and right shoulder, in accordance with the style of the time. The soldiers of the Carignan-Salières Regiment carried matchlock and flintlock muskets with bayonets, a novelty of the era. They left their pikes in France, since they were of little use against the Iroquois, but they all carried swords.

At that time, the army was made of volunteers. During recruitment, the only condition for the soldier-to-be was to stand at least five feet three inches tall.

A list of most of the soldiers of the Régiment de Carignan-Salières is available at http://www.fillesduroi.org/src/soldiers.htm and also at http://www.quebec.acadian-home.org/carignan-regiment.html. Note that the information on one of the web sites states, “No list of Carignan soldier-settlers will ever be perfect. Since no contemporary list was made in the 17th century – other than one with only nicknames, made at an unknown date – we can never be sure of the identity of all the members of the regiment. What we have attempted to do is make a better list than the one that was on the Society’s website.”

For more information about the Carignan Soldiers, look at the following sites:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carignan-Sali%C3%A8res_Regiment

http://www.fillesduroi.org/src/soldiers.htm

http://habitant.org/carignan.htm

http://www.laferriere.us/Carrigan%20Salieres%20Regiment.htm

http://www.migrations.fr/Leregimentcarignan.htm (in French)

http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPCONTENTSE1EP2CH7PA3LE.html

http://www.quebec.acadian-home.org/carignan-regiment.html

3 Comments

Suzanne Boivin Sommerville April 6, 2015 at 6:50 am

See the French-Canadian Heritage Society of Michigan’s Filles du Roi and Carignan Salières Regiment Chart Program, Several articles are there in pdf about the Filles and the soldiers, including an eight-part series that tells the story of one officer, André Jarret dit Beauregard, and his wife, Marguerite Anthiaume

http://habitantheritage.org/filles_du_roi__carignan_regiment_lineage_charts

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Is there any list of the names of the Carnigan solders soldiers and officers I may be related to someone.

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—> Is there any list of the names of the Carnigan solders soldiers and officers

The COMPLETE list is unknown as not all of the names of the soldiers are known. However, lists of all the known men in the Carnigan Regiment are available in several places on the Internet. Try this: http://www.fillesduroi.org/src/soldiers.htm

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