Rising Seas Could Submerge the Jamestown Settlement

Sea-level rise this century may threaten Jamestown in Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in the Americas; the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, which launches all of NASA’s human spaceflight missions; and the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in North Carolina, the tallest brick lighthouse in the United States, a new study finds.

These iconic locales are some of the more than 13,000 archaeological and historical sites on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the southeastern United States that rising sea levels will endanger this century, researchers in the new study said.

Details may be found in an article by Charles Q. Choi published in the LiveScience web site at http://bit.ly/2zIFlac.


These so called experts seem to be confusing mm with inches. NOAA reports that sea levels are rising 3-4 mm a year, thickness of a penny, for the past 100 yeas. To match these experts it would have to be 3-4 inches a year. I do not see the east coast ports building to`gl match this rise.


    Yep, they got their maths wrong. 0.125 inch per year for 100 years = only 12.5 inches.


    OTOH, the United States military is preparing its coastal installations for sea level rise. They have the resources to use good science, and the motivation to remain operational.


Sorry Dick. That’s just plain silly.


Please, Dear God, can this brief moment of my day be non-political? Just about everything else has been marred and in genealogy I find moments that take me away and transport me back in time. I’ve left blogs, groups, and given up the NFL. Can I please have a great, non-political genealogy newsletter?


    —> Can I please have a great, non-political genealogy newsletter?

    I ignore the politics. Instead, I try to report any news that has a potential to impact anything of genealogical significance as well as anything that has an impact to historical information and sites concerning where our ancestors lived. Sometimes I agree with the articles. Sometimes I don’t. But if an article is important enough, I believe that every genealogist should be aware of the article and then make up his or her own mind. My intent is to be as neutral as possible.


Thanks for sharing the article, Dick. I agree with you, that it’s interesting from a genealogical point of view. It has nothing to do with politics. As for NOAA’s prediction, it was, at least a coupla years ago, “very high confidence that global mean sea level will rise at least 8 inches but no more than 6.6 feet by 2100.” Even with what seems like the smallest amt (8″), we have to take into account things like tides and storms which will be magnified by higher sea levels. I think it’s wise to prepare some of these treasured sites – and other infrastructure as well – for those challenges.


Understand about genealogical significance, but there are other areas where that may be more critical in the more recent future. Global warming has not been proven to be valid by some key Scientists–it HAS become politicized and really needs to stay out of the Genealogical arena. Maybe a better title could have been “What’s the future of the US coastal areas?” — that may then not be so likely to be included in this newsletter, but we do have Freedom of Speech (theoretically) and we can make our own choices and luckily we have these comments to air problems in the articles–be it technical, political, philosophical or otherwise.


Sorry Dick, but sometimes the source of the information is much more important than the action opinion expressed in the story because of bias. This story, when reviewed in light of “current science discussions,” doesn’t make the grade and should have been left out.


FYI, the United States military is preparing for sea level rise. They’ve got the resources to do some pretty good science, and surely the motivation to keep themselves operational. I’d take that kind of talk seriously.


    The US Military is driven by politics, so is the climate change agenda. The military is often forced by DC to spend money carelessly. This is an example. Sorry.


Thanks for an informative article. Global climate change is very real and, to our great embarrassment, the United States is the only major power not accepting this unfortunate reality. This has nothing to do with politics per se, and everything to do with the very powerful and wealthy lobby for the extractive industries. Our descendants with not thank us for our inaction.


    This should end the discussion:
    Alarmist scientists have been caught red-handed tampering with raw data in order to exaggerate sea level rise.

    The raw (unadjusted) data from three Indian Ocean gauges – Aden, Karachi and Mumbai – showed that local sea level trends in the last 140 years had been very gently rising, neutral or negative (ie sea levels had fallen).

    But after the evidence had been adjusted by tidal records gatekeepers at the global databank Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) it suddenly showed a sharp and dramatic rise.

    The whistle was blown by two Australian scientists Dr. Albert Parker and Dr. Clifford Ollier in a paper for Earth Systems and Environment.

    The paper – Is the Sea Level Stable at Aden, Yemen? – examines the discrepancies between raw and adjusted sea level data in Aden, Karachi and Mumbai.

    Kenneth Richard at No Tricks Zone reports:

    The authors expose how PSMSL data-adjusters make it appear that stable sea levels can be rendered to look like they are nonetheless rising at an accelerated pace.

    The data-adjusters take misaligned and incomplete sea level data from tide gauges that show no sea level rise (or even a falling trend). Then, they subjectively and arbitrarily cobble them together, or realign them. In each case assessed, PSMSL data-adjusters lower the earlier misaligned rates and raise the more recent measurements. By doing so, they concoct a new linearly-rising trend.

    Here is a before/after from Karachi:

    The authors do not mince their words. They refer to these adjustments as “highly questionable” and “suspicious.”

    That’s because they can find no plausible scientific explanation for the adjustments.

    As they explain at the beginning of their paper, it is hard to put together consistent sea level records covering a long time period. This is because tide gauges are often the result of multiple sets of data, taken over different time periods using different instruments, which are then spliced together.

    What is proposed as a single record in databases such as the Permanent Service for Mean Sea Level (PSMSL) (PSMSL 2017a) is often the composition of data collected by different instruments, sometimes in different locations or over different time windows, with significant gaps in between one measurement and the others. This is the case of the Aden, Yemen tide gauge that is the only tidal location of the Arabian Peninsula spanning a time window long enough to infer a trend and acceleration of the relative sea level (assuming there was continuous measurement and no quality issue). In Aden, similar to Karachi and Mumbai and other tide gauges of the area, a single-tide gauge record is the result of multiple sets of data subjectively coupled together. While a new tide gauge is recording since about 2007, the alignment of the previous data is continuously changing.

    So there is nothing per se wrong with PSMSL making adjustments in order to make the different datasets align.

    What is wrong is the way that the scientists at PSMSL have adjusted them. In every case, they have revised them in order to make them produce a sharp upward trend in sea level rise – despite the fact that global records do not support this.

    The truth, Parker and Ollier conclude in their paper, is that sea level has changed very little in the three sites examined:

    The reconstructed tide gauge records of Aden, Mumbai and Karachi are perfectly consistent with multiple lines of evidence from other key sites of the Indian Ocean including Qatar, Maldives, Bangladesh and Visakhapatnam. The sea levels have been stable since the start of the twentieth century in Aden similar to Karachi and Mumbai.

    But the official PSMSL data – as used by other global data-keeping bodies such as NOAA – claims that there has been a sharp increase.

    In Aden, for example, the alarmists have turned a modest 1.21 mm/year rise into a 3.02 mm/year rise.

    In Aden, with data 1880–1969, the trend was + 1.21 mm/year.

    Per the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Centre for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (NOAA 2017a), with data from an intermediate version of a single-tide gauge record by PSMSL we may call (n-1), the sea-level trend in Aden is + 3.02 mm/year based on the monthly average mean sea-level (MSL) results 1879–2011, Fig. 6a (image from NOAA(2017b) downloaded on September 13, 2017).

    Using the online analysis tool of Burton’s sealevel.info (Sealevel.info 2017a), with data from the latest update of the PSMSL database that we may call version n, with 2 more years of data, but also with some other corrections, see the data before the year 1900 shifted up, the sea-level trend in Aden is + 1.35 mm/year based on the MSL results 1879–2013, Fig. 6b (image from Sealevel.info (2017b) downloaded on September 13, 2017). Worthy of note, the acceleration is now large and positive.

    Again, there is no plausible scientific explanation for these adjustments.

    As the authors put it:

    “It is always highly questionable to shift data collected in the far past without any proven new supporting material.”

    Indeed, but it is perfectly consistent with the behavior of alarmist scientists in other fields, notably those concerning surface temperature data records. As we have reported here before, there is copious evidence to suggest that the gatekeepers of global warming have consistently and shamelessly cooked the books and rigged the data in order to give the impression that “climate change” is a major and unprecedented phenomenon.

    A major part of the global warming scare narrative is that melting ice caps will cause sea levels to rise at a dangerous and unprecedented rate, enveloping low-lying Pacific islands, flooding vulnerable countries like Bangladesh and perhaps one day drowning even places like Manhattan.

    There is little if any scientific evidence that this is actually happening.

    What’s extraordinary is the desperation of scientists at what ought to be impeccably neutral and trustworthy institutions such as NASA, NOAA and PSMSL to pretend that it is.

    When alarmists in charge of surface temperature datasets make dishonest adjustments to exaggerate the appearance of global warming, it looks like corruption.

    When alarmists in the entirely separate field of sea level measurement make precisely the same sort of dishonest adjustments in order to accord with the same global warming narrative, it starts to look like a conspiracy.


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